“On Revolution Roads” exhibition opening in Ljubljana


Tanja Lažetić z Dejan Habicht, Pot spominov in tovarištva (PST, 100 fotografij, 2001; Ni spominov, ni tovarištva, 2006, video, 5′; Spominski kamni, 94 fotografij , 2008; Rdeče zvezde, fotografije in besedilo, 2008)

Moderna Galerija, Ljubljana, 18.6.2016. – 28.6.2016. 

The introduction of memorial tourism as a segment of tourism in socialist Yugoslavia is still an unresearched postwar phenomenon of the development of Yugoslav tourism that most definitely influenced the overall reception of Yugoslavia’s memorial and other heritage, especially its artistic, architectural, and urban-planning achievements. The introduction of monuments and memorial objects of the national liberation front as a product for tourists and the following commercialization of the symbolic as well as the historical and political dimensions of monuments dedicated to the national liberation struggle  impacted the mechanisms of monument protection and the management of then already existing monuments, including the concepts for future monuments to the liberation struggle and the different modes of their financing. The expression “memorial tourism” should be taken with a grain of salt//some reservation since it emphasizes the commercial function of the monuments to the socialist liberation struggle as their predominant trait, thereby ignoring the complexity of their historical-political background and their symbolic, social and political functions. This is precisely what the artists that joined this exhibition show us: all the different sides of dealing with what was once our common or shared heritage, both artistically and politically. Their questions and answers range from socialism to capitalism, revisionism, oblivion and/or the compulsion to remember, and even towards such supposedly simple things as sightseeing, traveling, the agony of waiting, etc. This exhibition has already been on view in Zagreb, Sarajevo, Kraljevo, and Belgrade. It is the first result produced by the partners joined in the international project Inappropriate Monuments and their outside collaborators.


The two-year international project Inappropriate Monuments will finish in 2017 with an exhibition dedicated to Slovenian monuments of the national liberation struggle. The exhibition will be prepared in collaboration with art history students from the Faculty of Arts in Ljubljana.


Concept: Lana Lovrenčić, Milan Rakita

Organisation of traveling exhibition: Marko Jenko

Researchers: Tamara Buble (SF:ius), Barbara Drole, Jelena Grbić (GA), Elma Hodžić (HM BiH), Marko Jenko (MG+MSUM), Goran Janev (Levičarski Pokret Solidarnost, Skopje), Jelica Jovanović (GA), Mateja Kuka (SF:ius), Nenad Lajbenšperger, Nikola Puharić (SF:ius), Vladana Putnik

Participating artists: Dušica Dražić (http://www.dusicadrazic.com), Igor Grubić, Dejan Habicht, Siniša Labrović, Tanja Lažetić (http://www.lazetic.si)

Acknowledgements: Dejan Habicht, Janez Kramžar, Tanja Lažetić, Borko Radešček, Martina Vovk

Design: Oleg Šuran


Project partners: SF:ius – Socijalni rub: zanimljive neispričane priče (Zagreb), Grupa arhitekata (Belgrade), Moderna galerija MG+MSUM (Ljubljana), Historijski muzej BiH (Sarajevo)


Siniša Labrović with an icon in front of Moden Gallery, Ljubljana. Photo credits: Dejan Habicht, MG

On Tuesday, 14 June 2016, a group of artists from the Center of Activities Fužine, went on a pilgrimage from Pregl’s Square in Fužine, Ljubljana, to the Museum of Modern Art (Moderna galerija). Their intention was to visit U3, the 8th Triennial of Contemporary Art. Their route was as follows: Pot na Fužine – Ulica Mire Miheličeve – Kajuhova ulica – Ob Ljubljanici – Poljanski nasip – Kopitarjeva ulica – Petkovškovo nabrežje – Tromostovje – Čopova ulica – Cankarjeva ulica – Moderna galerija. On their way, they visited Marija Strnad’s exhibition at the University Medical Center and the Dobra vaga gallery under Jožef Plečnik’s arcades on the main market. The artists that participated in the pilgrimage express themselves using different artistic forms: watercolor, acrylic, mosaic, Idrian lace, ceramic, performance art, music… Every artist took with him or her one of his or her own artworks. The artists arrived at the Moderna galerija at 11:45. People were asked to greet and support them, and to even join them.

The pilgrimage was organized by the famous Croatian artist Siniša Labrović. The action Pilgrimage Towards Contemporary Art took place as a part of the exhibition On Revolution’s Roads: Memorial Tourism in Socialist Yugoslavia, within the frame of the international project Inappropriate Monuments. On this occasion, Siniša Labrović presented to the curator of the Moderna galerija, Mr. Marko Jenko, PhD, the video documentation of his action Bandaging the Wounded (Sinj, 2000). The exhibition will open in the Moderna galerija on Museum Summer Night, 18 June 2016.


Exhibition ‘On Revolution Roads’ opened in Sarajevo and Kraljevo


Sarajevo, detail from the opening.

Dear visitors,
Exhibition ‘On Revolution Roads: Memorial tourism in Yugoslavia’ is now open in the Historical Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The exhibition was officially opened on 24 November 2015 on the occasion of the Statehood Day of Bosnia and Herzegovina. On 28 November, the exhibition will be opened in Kraljevo in the City Hall. The opening is scheduled for 2 p.m.

Exhibition opening

Detail from the exhibition opening

Detail from the exhibition opening

Dear visitors,
we inform you that the exhibition ‘On Revolution Roads: Memorial tourism in Yugoslavia’ is now open in the Miroslav Kraljević Gallery in Zagreb. The exhibition was opened on November 11 and will remain open until December 5. After that, the exhibition will be set in Sarajevo, Kraljevo, Belgrade and Ljubljana.

EXHIBITION On Revolution Roads

The exhibition ‘On Revolution Roads: Memorial tourism in Yugoslavia,’ examines the position and function of memorial national liberation struggle (NLS) in the tourist segment of the economic and socio-economic system of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY).

— Zagreb, Miroslav Kraljević Gallery. Opening: Tuesday 10/11/2015 at 7pm

— Sarajevo, History Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Opening: Tuesday 24/11/2015 at 4pm

— Kraljevo, City hall. Opening: Saturday 28/11/2015 at 2pm

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The introduction of memorial tourism as a part of the overall SFRY tourist scheme/industry from the late seventies and early eighties of the 20th century to the present day is an under-researched phenomenon of the post-war development of Yugoslavian tourism. The inauguration of NLS memorials as a tourism product and the consequent commercialization of the symbolic and historical-political dimension of NLS cultural heritage impacted the mechanisms of managing existing monuments and the concepts of building new NLS memorials, as well as the methods of their financing. The term memorial tourism is taken with a certain grain of salt, since this statement implicitly emphasizes the commercial functions as the main characteristic of memorial areas and NLS facilities in Yugoslavia, which to some extent ignores the complexity of the historical and political significance and symbolic and socio-economic function of NLS memorials.

The idea of introducing the memorial heritage of the NLS into the tourist industry system and the possibility that the symbolic memorial, and socio-economic potential of memorial sites (memorial parks, memorial areas, etc.) and facilities (memorial homes, museums, authentic objects) could be used as a complete tourist product for the whole country, is rooted in the fact that the network of NLS memorials in SRFY was conceived and built as a functionally equipped system, to carry out a number of important functions in the system of self-managing social relations of Yugoslav socialism.
Since the late forties a series of commemorative activities have been held at the memorial sites: from the simple raising of memorials (memorial plaques, sculptures, etc.) and holding annual commemorations, to the development of memorial sites with pronounced educational training in the content of sculptural exhibitions and memorial parks and museum collections with the creation of accommodation, catering and recreational facilities for different groups of visitors (hotel and motel accommodations, workers’ holiday homes, scout camps and recreational facilities).
In the mid sixties the cultural, educational, sports and recreational functions of the NLS memorial sites were used as resources and incorporated into a unified tourist offer with the potential of generating the economic growth and social development of local communities. Under the organization of the local branches of the Association of Veterans of the National Liberation War (SUBNOR), workers’ and socio-political organizations, trade unions, educational institutions and cultural, artistic, professional and recreational sporting associations (the Scouts League, the Scout Association, mountaineering clubs, scouts etc.) about two and a half million SFRY citizens visited commemorative ceremonies, cultural, educational and artistic events, partisan marches, excursions and picnics in the mid-seventies.
The strategies and plans of the mid-term development of continental tourism in Yugoslavia recognized the catering and accommodation facilities and complimentary facilities NOB memorials, as untapped potential to enrich the tourist offer of local communities in terms of combining the memorial, mountain, marine and thermal spa tourism. The biodiversity of the natural environment, the beauty of the landscape and the “coexistence” of different types of tourism has attracted increasing numbers of visitors and in the eighties the number of visitors rose to about four million a year. Ultimately this was an attempt to direct the economic benefits of the tourism industry to the development of local economies in economically underdeveloped areas, through the creation of local employment, the development of infrastructure, and the organization and maintenance of the memorial area.

The process of incorporating NOB monuments into the diversity that the tourist industry of SFRY could offer, from the mid-seventies until the disintegration of the country, is shown through twelve examples of memorial sites from all over the former state, and in addition to archival and family photographs the exhibition also displays travel guides, maps and plans, and artwork by the Slovenian artist, Dejan Habichtin.

The exhibition will be open in Zagreb until the 28/11/2015 after which it will be possible to view in Sarajevo, Kraljevo, Ljubljana and Belgrade.
Opening hours:
Miroslav Kraljević Gallery, Tues-Fri 12:00-19:00, Sat 11:00-13:00
The exhibition is the joint activity of the members of the international platform INAPPROPRIATE MONUMENTS and their external collaborators. The members of the platform are SF:ius – Social Fringe: interesting untold stories (Zagreb), Group of architects (Belgrade), Modern Gallery (Ljubljana) and the Historical Museum of Bosnia and Hercegovina (Sarajevo).
Concept: Lana Lovrenčić and Milan Rakita
Design: Oleg Šuran
Research associates: Mateja Kuka (SF:ius), Nikola Puharić (SF:ius), Tamara Buble (SF:ius), Jelica Jovanović (GA), Jelena Grbić (GA), Marko Jenko (MG+MSU), Elma Hodžić (HM BH), Barbara Drole, Vladana Putnik, Nenad Lajbenšperger and Goran Janev (the Leftist movement of solidarity, Skoplje).

CALL FOR APPLICATION Workshop Inappropriate monuments Niš 2015

Registration deadline: September 18th, 2015
Workshop: 24-27 September 2015

Organizers_ Grupa arhitekata (BG, SRB)
Support _ Balkans Arts and Culture Fund (BAC)


Author: Sonja Bajić


Methodology of documentation and inventory of monuments – case study of WW2 memorials of former Yugoslavia


International workshop on the methodology of forming a documentation dossier (fiche) with a tour of relevant locations in the vicinity of Niš. The participants will learn how to create a documentation dossier for the purpose of research of the WW2 (partisan) memorials, based upon the internationally acclaimed methodology of DOCOMOMO and Ljubljana process. The mentors will be architect Dubravka Sekulić and historian Nenad Lajbenšperger. The participants  will visit the memorial in Bubanj, the former concentration camp Crveni krst, and memorial in Leskovac. The program is encouraging multidisciplinary international collaboration, dealing with the issues of implementation and monitoring of projects of heritage protection within the local, regional, and European framework.

The Workshop Inappropriate monuments will start on Thursday, September 24th, and last until September 27th 2015. The workdays are beginning at 10:00 AM lasting until 07:00 PM (including 1 hour lunch break). The program of the workshop consists of three working days and study trip on fourth day.
A detailed certificate will be provided by the organizer for the purpose of obtaining ECTS credits.

Official languages: Serbian (B/H/S) & English


We are inviting international participants: professionals and students of (landscape) architecture, urban planning, technology, art, architectural & art conservation, history of art and architecture, history and related disciplines.


For the participants from region of former SFRY Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Slovenia, Montenegro and Macedonia:
Participants are NOT paying registration fee. The costs of tuition, working material, boarding (accommodation + breakfast and lunch) and travel costs (bus and train tickets or similar) within the region will be covered by the organizers.

For the residents of other countries:
The registration fee is 100 EUR and includes costs of tuition (workshops + lectures), working material, field trip and boarding (accommodation + breakfast and lunch). Fee does not include travel costs to/from Niš.

Given the hands-on character of the Workshop, it is our recommendation to bring your own laptop. Internet connection will be provided by the organizer. The installation of required (free) software will be communicated in a timely manner.


Your application should include:

– submitting the online application form (link);
– a short CV sent via e-mail (2 pages maximum).
– a motivation letter sent via e-mail (2 pages maximum).

Exchanging the subsidy for money is not possible.

Please e-mail your application documents to (grupaarhitekata@gmail.com or info@grupaarhitekata.org).

Deadline for applications is September 18th 2015;


Grupa arhitekata
Inappropriate Monuments

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A partner meeting and a tour of the memorial park Vraca, Sarajevo

Partner meeting of regional platform Inappropriate Monuments was held in Sarajevo on 15th and 16th July 2015.

The meeting was attended by representatives of partner organizations of the Modern Gallery Ljubljana (SLO), the Group of Architects (SRB), SF:ius (CRO) and the Historical Museum (BIH), the host of this meeting.

Attendees of the meeting were given professional guided tour by curatorial intern Elma Hodžić. Attendees have been toured through the museum building and its storage, as well as the exhibition ‘Sarajevo Under Siege’ and the exhibition ‘70 Years – What Does the City Tell Us About the Past’.

Svetlana Hadžirović, head of the art collection / Rizah Štetić, Vahid Maglajlić, oil on canvas, 1952

Svjetlana Hadžirović, head of the art collection /
Rizah Štetić, Vahida Maglajlić, oil on canvas, 1952

They are present with professional guidance curatorial intern Elma Hodzic toured the building of museums and storage collections of works of art, and the exhibition “Sarajevo under Siege” and “70 years – what does the city of stories about the past.” Head of the art collection Svetlana Hadžirović gave a tour of the recently reconstructed storage facilities and presented the project ‘Restoration in Progress’ that museum carried out with the objective to restore 104 portraits of national heroes and heroines painted between 1948 and 1953 by famous Bosnian artists Ismet Mujezinović, Vojo Dimitrijević, Mario Mikulić, Nada Novaković, Ljubo Lah, Petar Tiješić, Ivo Šeremet, Rizah Štetić, Franjo Likar and others.

At the meeting, which was attended by the museum director Elma Hašimbegović, current and upcoming activities were discussed. At the end of the meeting, Balkan Arts and Culture Fund partnership agreement was signed.

After the meeting, with the guidance of Elma Hodzic, participants also visited the memorial park Vraca.

Click to see the photo gallery VRACA MEMORIAL PARK